Número 40, sep-dic 2016 PDF Imprimir Correo electrónico


Foundations and Debate

  • Immanuel Ness
    The workers in the Global South

    Abstract: In manefacturing, .

  • Luz Dueñas / Miguel Estévez
    Dispossession and lands restitution in Colombia

    Abstract: The article discusses the conceptualization of the recent historical stage in Argentina. Looking to order the debate between continuity and change, the use of the concept of development mode is proposed to organize the analysis. Thus, it is argued that the period 2002-2015 represents a new phase in the same development mode since the last dictatorship. Structural continuities that are detected in the economic and political dimensions in favor of the most concentrated sectors of capital are combined with some changes in macroeconomic matters. To exaggerate any of both features constitutes a biased characterization of the period.

  • Joel Guerra Castañeda
    New paramilitary groups in Colombia: criminality, capital accumulation and social control

    Abstract: Latin America has lived dependent development processes, which beyond achieving the desired objective, plunged it into continuous setbacks, as a result of asymmetrical relationships which have lasted for a long time. In this regard, it should be recognized that research gradually comes forward in the consolidation of generating structural changes in the region, since it is thought as a relevant and dynamic knowledge, and appropriate interaction between different components of the National Research Systems - NRS. The document exposes the characteristics of the knowledge, showing the importance of the role that the university plays in the actuality and its core functions. On the other hand, it presents the Latin-American panorama on research and development, articulating the levels of investment with the production of goods and services; with it, it’s evident the importance of articulation between the different acts of the National Research System – NRS and the necessary mechanism that lets the interrelationship required to generate synergy and dynamism, so that it has an effect on the changes required by the region.

  • Carlos González Escobar
    The Post-Conflict and Prospects to Sustainable Development in Colombia

    Abstract: The original project of the higher education institutions emerged supported by important historical values: sense of organized responsibility, democracy, civic compromise, justice, own thinking and common good. In the context of neoliberalism, a project governed by the logic of the market logic, privatization, deregulation, has propelled the metamorphosis of universities that degrades their rectors to mere administrators operating as Principal Executive Officers without high academic standards or commitment civic, responding unilaterally to entrepreneurs or investors. This contradiction has created a serious impact on the youth of the United States, one of the richest countries in the world, the neoliberal model has led to falling living standards of youth.

Articles and Miscellany

  • Malin Jönsson
    The expansion of the transnational corporation dominance with the TransPacific Partnership Agreement (TPP): the Mexican case and the food sector

    Abstract: This paper reviews the concept of strong objectivity, which presupposes that from a multidisciplinary perspective the scientific and technological activities converge and allow multiple theoretical, methodological and applied views. Far from affecting the objectivity of science these diverse perspectives strengthen our knowledge of reality and our intervention on it. Following this proposal, the outlook of a research with an appropriate gender perspective will enrich the scientific and technological activities in knowledge societies. It is of great importance that educational institutions and those which develop research are gender equitable so that the scientific and technological perspectives do not leave aside the specific needs of the female population. The former will allow to move towards social justice. In this paper offers data on the existing disproportion between women’s participation in technological careers, as well as some public policies that may help to improve this situation.

  • Rolando V. Jiménez Domínguez
    Paradigms of Technological Change: from the national discourse to the regional actions

    Abstract: In the production of all capitalist spaces there is an ideological component as well as a more visual material component. At the time of the production of the environmental spaces both components are articulated, giving rise to specific “spacialities”, reflection of that specific discourse as forms of realization. This articulation between the discourse and the material, goes together with the “spaciality” that produces, reproducing it constantly, and at the same time feeding on its own creation, in a process that is necessarily dialectic. The article focuses specifically on analyzing this ideological component that produce institutional and dominant environmentalism spaces, and which processes facilitates.

  • Francisco Infante
    The Strengthening of the National System of Researchers: An Indispensable Step to Increase Innovation in Mexico

    Abstract: In the present article proposes a support guide for the formulation and presentation of a draft investment in infrastructure for cultural services, specifically to a proposed museum restoration in the Regional Museum of Anthropology “Carlos Pellicer Cámara” in the state of Tabasco. The purpose of the case study is to determine whether the project in question is socio-economically profitable. To do this, the indicator of Net Present Value (NPV) and Internal Rate of Return (IRR) were calculated on evaluation horizon thirty years. The results show that the project is socio-economically profitable, with an NPV of $ 56,336,005.16 (Fifty-six hundred thirty-six thousand five million pesos 16/100 M.N.) and an IRR of 22.51 percent which is higher than the social discount rate ten percent stipulated by the Investment Unit of the Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público.